Butea frondosa flower dye extraction optimization through Taguchi design


Journal: Vol.8, No.1, Winter 2015 - Article 3   Pages :   Until 



Article Code:
PCCC-25-05-2014-263

Authors:
Pravinkumar Patil: Shivaji University - Department of Technology
A.I Wasif: Textile and Engineering Institute - Department of Textiles
S.V Anekar: T.K.I.E.T Warananagar - , Department of Chemical Engineering
J.R. Nagla: Textile and Engineering Institute - Department of Textiles


Article's abstract:

In the past few decades, there is increasing trend to use products from natural resources. Dyes obtained from natural sources are among such products. The present research mainly focuses on optimization of extraction conditions during a natural dye extraction from the flower petals of a tree ‘Flame of Forest’. Taguchi technique was employed for optimization of the parameters namely raw dyestuff particle size, solid-liquid ratio, time of extraction and method of extraction assistance. The results indicated that 150 micron particle size, 1:20 solid-solvent ratio, two hours for extraction and enzyme addition as assistance for extraction were the optimum conditions for extraction. The optimum and control extractions were compared for their absorbance values and the subsequent dye yields. The respective absorbance values were 1.144 and 1.036. It was encouraging to observe 10.58 yield increment in the extraction with optimized parameters.


Keywords:
Natural dye, extraction optimization, Taguchi Design

References:
1. Mahanta, S. Tiwari, Natural dye-yielding plants and indigenous knowledge on dye preparation in Arunachal Pradesh, northeast India, Curr Sci India, 88(2005), 1474-1480.#2. P. D. Patil C. R. Rao, A. I. Wasif, Natural dyes making their way back to a golden age, Textile Asia, July(2012), 29-31.#3. M. L. Gulrajani, D. Gupta, Natural dyes and application to textiles, Department of textile technology, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India, 1992, 1-10.#4. P. D. Patil, C. R. Rao, A. I. Wasif, Revival of natural dyes: Smart use of biodiversity, Colourage, 59(2012), 33-38.#5. K. Sinhaa, P. D. Sahaa, S. Dattab, Extraction of natural dye from petals of Flame of forest (Butea monosperma) flower: Process optimization using response surface methodology (RSM), Dyes Pigments., 94(2012), 212- 216.#6. M. S. Phadke, Quality engineering using robust design, 2nd edition: Pearson Education, Inc., 2009, 35-40.#7. C. R. Kothari, Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques, Second Revised Edition, New Age International Publishers, New Delhi, 2014, 31-52.#8. K. Sachan, V. P. Kapoor, Optimization of extraction and dyeing conditions for traditional turmeric dye, Indian J Tradit Know, 6(2007), 270-278.#9. D. C. Montgomery, Design and analysis of experiments, 3rd edition, John Wiley and Sons, 1991, 449-562.#10. M. Puri, D. Sharma,. J. B. Colin, Enzyme-assisted extraction of bioactives from plants, Trends Biotechnol., 30(2012), 37-44.#11. M. R. Wilkins, W. W. Windmer, K. Grohmann, R. G. Cameron, Hydrolysis of grapefruit peels waste with cellulase & pectinase enzymes, Bioresour. Technol., 98(2007), 1596-1601.#12. D. C. Montgomery, E. A. Peck, G. G. Vining, Introduction to linear regression analysis, 3rd edition, John Wiley and Sons, 2006, 35-45.


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