Application of azo dye as sensitizer in dye-sensitized solar cells

Journal: Vol.8, No.4, 2015 - Article 1   Pages :  259 Until 265

Article Code:

Shohre Ruhani: Institute of Color Science and Technology - Department of Organic Colorants
M. Hosseinnezhad: Institute of Color Science and Technology - Department for Organic Colorants

Article's abstract:

An azo dye used as photosensitizers in Dye-sensitized solar cells DSSCs. Azo dyes economically superior to organometallic dyes because they are color variation and cheap. The spectrophotometric evaluation of an azo dye in solution and on a TiO2 substrate show that the dye form J-aggregation on the nanostructured TiO2 substrate. Oxidation potential measurements for used azo dyes ensured an energetically permissible and thermodynamically favourable charge transfer throughout the continuous cycle of photo-electric conversion. The performance of dye-sensitized solar cells based on azo dyes have been studied. The results illustrate that the dye containing acetic acid and sulfonic acid as the acceptor group gave the maximum conversion efficiency 3.52 and 3.17 in the presence and absence of anti-aggregation agent, respectively.

Dye-sensitized solar cells; Sensitizers; Photovoltaic materials; Conversion efficiencies; Azo dye.

1. A. Mahmood, M. Hussain Tahir, A. Irfan, A. G. Al-Sehemi, M.S. Al-Assiri, Heterocyclic azo dyes for dye sensitized solar cells: A quantum chemical study, Comput. Theor. Chem., 1066 (2015), 94-99.#2. M. Hosseinnezhad, S. Moradian, K. Gharanjig, Natural dyes extracted from black carrot and bramble for dye-sensitized solar cells, Prog. Color Colorants Coat., 8 (2015), 153-158.#3. S. Mathew, A. Yella, P. Gao, R. Humphry Baker, B. F. E. Curchod, N. Ashari-Astani, I. Tavernelli, U. Rothlisberger, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Gratzel, Dye-sensitized solar cells with 13% conversion efficiency achieved through the molecular engineering of porphyrin sensitizers, Natural chem., 6 (2014), 242-247.#4. F. Nourmohammadian, A. Habibi, F. Nazari, A. Ashtiani Abdi, M.Sadeghi Kiakhani, R. Abbasi, Photophysical responses of benzimidazolic and benzoxazolic hydroxy coumarin dyes, Prog. Color Colorants Coat., 8 (2015), 246-252.#5. R. Hen, X. Yang, H. Tian, L. Sun, Tetrahydrquinoline dye with different spacers for organic dye-sensitized solar cells, J Photoch Photobio A, 189 (2007), 295-300.#6. K. Hara, K. Sayama, Y. Ohga, A. Shimpo, S. Suga, H. Arakawa, A coumarin derivative dye sensitized nanocrystalline TiO2 solar cell having a high solar energy conversion efficiency up to 5.6%, Chem. Commun., 2001, 569-571.#7. Z. Wang, N. Koumura, Y. Cui, M. Takahashi, H. Sekiguchi, A. Mori, T. Kubo, A. Furube, K. Hara, Hexylthiophene functionalized carbazole dyes for efficient molecular photovoltaics: tuning of solar-cell performance by structural modification, Chem Mater, 20 (2008), 3993-4003.#8. M. Hosseinnezhad, S. Moradian, K. Gharanjig, Synthesis and application of two organic dyes for dye-sensitized solar cells, Prog. Color Colorants Coat., 6 (2013), 109-117.#9. 9.A. Khazaji, S. Hotchandani, S. Das, P. Kamat, Controlling Dye (Merocyanine-540) Aggregation on Nanostructured TiO2 Films: an Organized Assembly Approach for Enhancing the Efficiency of Photosensitization, J. Phys. Chem. B., 103 (1999), 4693-4700.#10. J. A. Mikroyannidis, D. V. Tsagkournos, P. Balraju, G. D. Sharma, Low band gap dyes based on 2-styryl-5-phenylazo-pyrrole: Synthesis and application for efficient dye-sensitized solar cells, J. Power Sources., 196 (2011), 4152-4161.#11. M. Hosseinnezhad, S. Moradian, K. Gharanjig, Investigation of effect of anti-aggregation agent on the performance of nanostructure dye-sensitized solar cells, Opto-electron. Rev., 23 (2015), 126-130.#12. T. Kanti Pradhan, A. De, J. Mortier, Application of directed metalation in synthesis. Part 8: Interesting example of chemoselectivity in the synthesis of thioaurones and hydroxy ketones and a novel anionic ortho-Fries rearrangement used as a tool in the synthesis of thienopyranones and thiafluorenones, Tetrahedron, 6 (2005), 9007–17.#13. A. Vig, K. Sirbiladze, H. J. Nagy, P. Aranyosi, I. Rusznk, P. Sallay, Polymethine dyes derived from 2,2-difluoro-3,1,2-(2H)-oxaoxoniaboratines with polymethylene bridge groups in the chromophore, Dyes Pigment., 71 (2006), 199-208.#14. M. Liang, W. Xu, F. Cai, P. Chen, B. Peng, J. Chen, Z. Li, New Triphenylamine-Based Organic Dyes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, J. Phys. Chem. C, 111 (2007), 4465-4472.#15. S. Kim, J. Lee, S. Kang, J. Ko, J. Yung, S. Fantacci, F. DeAngelis, M. DiCenco, K. Nazeeruddin, M. Gratzel, Molecular engineering of organic sensitizers for solar cell applications, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 128 (2006), 16701-16707.#16. L. Schmidt Mende, U. Bach, R. Baker, T. Horiuchi, H. Miura, S. Ito, S. Uchida, M. Gratzel, Organic Dyes for Highly Efficient Solid-State Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, Adv. Mater., 17 (2005), 813-815.#17. D. Hagberg, J. Yum, H. Lee, F. Angelis, T. Marinado, K. Karlsson, R. Humphry Baker, L. Sun, A. Hagfedt, M. Gratzel, M. Nazeeruddin, Molecular Engineering of Organic Sensitizers for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Applications, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 130 (2008), 6259-6266.#18. S. Park, Y. Won, Y. Choi, J. Kim, Molecular Design of Organic Dyes with Double Electron Acceptor for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell, Energ. Fuel, 23 (2009), 3732-3736.#19. G. Boschloo, A. Hagfeldt, Activation Energy of Electron Transport in Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Solar Cells, J. Phys. Chem. B, 109 (2005), 12093-8#20. M. Matsui, T. Fujita, Y. Kubota, K. Funabiki, J. Jin, T. Yoshida, H. Miura, Substituent effects in a double rhodanine indoline dye on performance of zinc oxide dye-sensitized solar cell, Dyes Pigment, 86 (2010), 143-8.#21. K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh, A. Furube, Y. Ohga, A. Shinpo, Molecular Design of Coumarin Dyes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, J. Phys. Chem. B, 107 (2003), 597-606. 22. A. Rama, K. Selvaraj, and S. Hayase, Molecular dynamics simulations on the aggregation behavior of indole type organic dye molecules in dye-sensitized solar cells, J. Mol. Model.,18 (2012), 2099-2104.

Article's file
Page view: 3269
Article's download quantity : 99

Article System Login

Prof. Zahra Ranjbar
Dr. Farahnaz Nourmohammadian
Assistant Editor:
Dr. Mozhgan Hosseinnezhad
ISSN (online):
Institute for Color Science and Technology (ICST)

Quick Access
What is your opinion about the manuscript subscription system of PCCC website?
Website Statistics
Page view:3,270
Online Visitors:46